From construct to type – the transformation of constituents in the development of trusses

Mario Rinke, Toni Kotnik

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


When large span structures have been composed of single elements the incorporated structural members were direct responses to certain structural needs. Basing on the antique girder principle load bearing units have been developed consisting of struts and hanging columns. These units, relying on the early antique model, represented the constituent parts of the overall structural entity and were arranged and adapted in respect to boundary conditions and formal requirements. The establishment of theory-based simplified truss types in form of overall models and a formal structural classification system saw the framework members step back behind the overall truss layout. Their role and function was then suppressed by the regime of the truss type not admitting any formal variation in order to satisfy the explicit postulation of a regular triangulated pattern. Apart from the deficiency of specific articulation the narrow understanding of trusses also limits the understanding and judgement of such structures.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationStructures and Architecture: New concepts, applications and challenges
EditorsPaulo J. de Sousa Cruz
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-415-66195-9
Publication statusPublished - 2013
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

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