Framework for connecting the mobility challenges in low density areas to smart mobility solutions: the case study of Estonian municipalities

Serio Agriesti*, Ralf-Martin Soe , Atiullah Saif

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
60 Downloads (Pure)


Innovation in mobility is proceeding at fast pace, the future disrupting technologies ranging from automation and connectivity to micro-mobility and electric propulsion. This research effort is justified by the impressive array of challenges that urban centres will face in the following decades, such as ageing population, urbanization and pollution. It is therefore understandable why the concept of Smart City is being researched and the major cities around the world are already carrying out trials for Smart Mobility Solutions. Still this trend, as many others, is not evenly spread but follows the urban/rural divide characterizing many of the current socio-economical phenomena. This paper, following the principles of responsible innovation, tries to build the case for a renewed research effort about smart mobility in low density areas. This is accomplished by presenting the results of a wide surveying effort across Estonian municipalities, focusing on the outputs from rural and small suburban centres. The results report what are the main mobility challenges across the region and what hindering factors are preventing envisioned solutions. Finally, the paper ties the identified mobility challenges to available Smart Mobility Solutions that arose from the surveying activity and from literature, assessing both feasibility and transferability.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32
Number of pages24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • transport policy
  • low density areas
  • smart mobility
  • mobility as a service
  • demand responsive transport
  • case study


Dive into the research topics of 'Framework for connecting the mobility challenges in low density areas to smart mobility solutions: the case study of Estonian municipalities'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • FinEst Twins: FinEst Twins

    Nieminen, M.


    Project: EU: Framework programmes funding

Cite this