Formation of Zn- and O- vacancy clusters in ZnO through deuterium annealing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Research units

  • University of Oslo


Open volume defects, clearly distinguishable from the isolated Zn-vacancy are observed in hydrothermally grown ZnO after exposure to deuterium gas at elevated temperatures. From a combination of secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations it is found that as a result of this treatment vacancy clusters consisting of minimum one Zn- and one O-vacancy are formed, in contrast to introduction of isolated O-vacancies. A scenario for the cluster formation is proposed, where Zn- and O-vacancies originate from the bulk of the sample and the sample surface, respectively. A fraction of the vacancy clusters are decorated by Li and/or H and may therefore be indirectly observed by SIMS. The peak in Li-concentration at about 100 nm below the sample surface, as observed by SIMS is in good correspondence with the PAS-results.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Defects, Positron annihilation spectroscopy, Secondary ion mass spectrometry, Vacancy clusters, ZnO

ID: 10365816