Foldable Perovskite Solar Cells Using Carbon Nanotube-Embedded Ultrathin Polyimide Conductor

Jungjin Yoon, Unsoo Kim, Yongseok Yoo, Junseop Byeon, Seoung Ki Lee, Jeong Seok Nam, Kyusun Kim, Qiang Zhang, Esko I. Kauppinen, Shigeo Maruyama, Phillip Lee*, Il Jeon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recently, foldable electronics technology has become the focus of both academic and industrial research. The foldable device technology is distinct from flexible technology, as foldable devices have to withstand severe mechanical stresses such as those caused by an extremely small bending radius of 0.5 mm. To realize foldable devices, transparent conductors must exhibit outstanding mechanical resilience, for which they must be micrometer-thin, and the conducting material must be embedded into a substrate. Here, single-walled carbon nanotubes (CNTs)–polyimide (PI) composite film with a thickness of 7 µm is synthesized and used as a foldable transparent conductor in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). During the high-temperature curing of the CNTs-embedded PI conductor, the CNTs are stably and strongly p-doped using MoOx, resulting in enhanced conductivity and hole transportability. The ultrathin foldable transparent conductor exhibits a sheet resistance of 82 Ω sq.−1 and transmittance of 80% at 700 nm, with a maximum-power-point-tracking-output of 15.2% when made into a foldable solar cell. The foldable solar cells can withstand more than 10 000 folding cycles with a folding radius of 0.5 mm. Such mechanically resilient PSCs are unprecedented; further, they exhibit the best performance among the carbon-nanotube-transparent-electrode-based flexible solar cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2004092
Number of pages9
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number7
Early online date2021
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • carbon nanotube and polyimide matrix
  • flexible solar cells
  • flexible transparent conductors
  • foldable electronics
  • single-walled carbon nanotubes


Dive into the research topics of 'Foldable Perovskite Solar Cells Using Carbon Nanotube-Embedded Ultrathin Polyimide Conductor'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this