Fluorescence quenching by plasmonic nanoantennas

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Generalizing a previously developed analytical model of metal-enhanced fluorescence to the case of the strong coupling between a quantum emitter and a plasmonic nanoantenna, we study the fluorescence quenching in the strong coupling regime. When the nanoantenna is a simple Ag sphere and the quantum emitter approaches to its surface the fluorescence turns suppressed (both dipole and quadrupole moments of the system vanish) in the whole spectral range. However, if the nanoantenna is a plasmonic dimer with a tiny gap between two plasmonic nanoparticles, and the coupling grows due to the increase of the emitter dipole moment, the fluorescence quenching never occurs. This unexpected result explains why the nanolaser regime can be achieved with these nanoantennas, whereas a simple nanosphere coupled to quantum emitters can be a spaser.

Original languageEnglish
Article number245421
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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