Flat-field calibration method for hyperspectral frame cameras

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Research units

  • Finnish Geospatial Research Institute
  • National Land Survey of Finland
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland


This paper presents a method for characterising spatial responsivity of hyperspectral cameras. Knowing the responsivity of the camera as a function of pixel coordinates allows applying a flat-field correction on image data. The method is based on scanning the field of view of the camera with a broadband radiance source, based on an integrating sphere, and combining the captured frames to synthesise a uniform radiance source filling the whole field of view of the camera at the focus distance. The method was compared with a traditional approach where the aperture of an integrating sphere is imaged from a close distance, filling the entire field of view of the camera. The measurement setup was tested with a hyperspectral camera, based on a tunable Fabry–Pérot interferometer. Without the flat-field correction, the average standard deviation of the pixel responsivities across all the spectral channels of the camera was 3.78%. After the correction, the average standard deviation was reduced to 0.40% and 3.25% for the aperture-scanning method and the close-distance method, respectively. The expanded uncertainty (k  =  2) for the flat-field correction obtained using the scanning method was 0.68%–0.78%, depending on the spectral channel of the camera.


Original languageEnglish
Article number055001
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • hyperspectral, camera, calibration, flat-fielding, vignetting, Fabry–Pérot, measurement uncertainty

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 35823220