First-principles investigation of phonon softenings and lattice instabilities in the shape-memory system Ni2MnGa

A.T. Zayak, Jussi Enkovaara, Andres Ayuela, Risto M. Nieminen

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Abstract

Ferromagnetic Ni2MnGa has unique magnetoelastic properties. These are investigated by detailed computational studies of the phonon-dispersion curves for the non-modulated cubic L21 and tetragonal structures. For the L21 structure, a complete softening of the transverse-acoustic mode has been found around the wave vector q=[1/3,1/3,0](2π/a). The softening of this TA2 phonon mode leads to the premartensitic modulated superstructure observed experimentally. Further phonon anomalies, related to other structural transformations in Ni2MnGa, have also been found and examined. These anomalies appear to be due to the coupling of particular acoustic-phonon modes and optical modes derived from Ni.
Original languageEnglish
Article number132402
Pages (from-to)1-4
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume68
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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