First- and second-order additionality and learning outcomes in collaborative R&D programs

Erkko Autio, Sami Kanninen, Robin Gustafsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-76
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • additionality
  • collaborative R&D programs
  • innovation policy
  • knowledge spillover
  • learning externality

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