Finnish guidance for the use of secondary products in earth and road construction

Ulla Maija Mroueh*, Esa Mäkelä, Margareta Wahlström, Jussi Kauppila, Jaana Sorvari, Juhani Puolanne, Markku Juvankoski, Markku Tammirinne, Päivi Heikkinen, Reijo Salminen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In the project "Secondary products in earth construction - assessment of applicability" guidance was developed for the assessment of the environmental and technical applicability of secondary products for use in earth and road construction. The project was a part of the Finnish Environmental Geotechnology Programme. The preparation of the guidance was a collaboration involving several research institutes. The guidance presents the legislative requirements for the utilisation of secondary products in earthworks, recommendations for the investigation of environmental and technical applicability, recommendations for environmental and technical criteria of the utilisation in earthworks and recommendations for product quality control procedures. A tiered system is presented for the assessment of environmental compliance. The assessment levels are 1) Concentrations of harmful components, 2) Leaching of harmful components from unpaved and paved constructions and 3) Risk assessment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
Issue number32
Publication statusPublished - 2001
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • By-products
  • Construction
  • Construction materials
  • Earthworks
  • Engineering geology
  • Finland
  • Highways
  • Risk assessment
  • Utilization


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