Finite element methods for structural hot spot stress determination - a comparison of procedures

Jani Poutiainen, P Tanskanen, G Marquis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Three methods for determining the structural hot spot stress for fatigue analysis of welded structures are presented. These include linear surface extrapolation (LSE), through thickness at the weld toe (TTWT), and the Dong method. The methods were applied to evaluate finite element analysis results obtained for a simple 2D structure and 3D structural detail. The limits and accuracy of the methods were investigated. LSE and TTWT are based on normal stresses while the Dong method also requires that shear stresses are correct. For 2D models, TTWT and the Dong methods gave uniform results for virtually all mesh variations used in this study. For 3D structures, the Dong method requires more care during meshing and is numerically more demanding during post-processing than other methods. When TTWT is used for 3D structures, the computed structural stress is virtually identical to that found using Dong method, but the meshing requirements are somewhat easier and the post-processing requires only that nodal averaging be considered. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1157
Number of pages11
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2004
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • welded joints
  • structural stress
  • finite element method
  • stress analysis

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