Finite-element analysis of eddy currents in the form-wound multi-conductor windings of electrical machines

Mohammad Jahirul Islam

    Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles

    Abstract

    The aim of this research was to develop comprehensive numerical models for considering eddy currents and circulating currents in the form-wound multi-conductor windings of electrical machines and to study the effects of eddy currents and circulating currents. Time-harmonic and time-discretised finite-element methods were developed. The methods were applied to the stator winding of a 1250-kW cage induction motor and in both the stator and rotor windings of a 1.7-MW doubly-fed induction generator (DFIG). The series and parallel connections of the winding were taken into account. The Newton-Raphson iteration method was used to solve the system of non-linear equations. In time-harmonic FEM, the system of equations was solved iteratively just once for the steady-state solution. In time-discretised FEM, the system of equations was solved iteratively at every time step. The backward Euler method was used for the time discretisation. The radial distance of the stator bars from the air gap has a remarkable effect on losses and was found to be an important design parameter. A significant amount of stator-winding eddy-current loss can be reduced by considering this design parameter. A transposition of the conductors was implemented to reduce the circulating currents between the parallel stator conductors. The eddy-current effects in the form-wound multi-conductor windings of electrical machines were studied for both a sinusoidal and non-sinusoidal supply. A pulse-width-modulated (PWM) voltage supply was achieved by sinus triangle comparison and used as a non-sinusoidal supply for the machine. A PWM supply produced a significant amount of additional eddy-current losses in the form-wound stator winding of the cage induction motor when compared to the sinusoidal supply. The fundamental harmonic voltages of the sinusoidal and PWM supplies were equal for comparing the results. Similar sinusoidal and PWM voltages were used to supply the rotor winding of the DFIG as well. The additional eddy-current losses in the form-wound rotor winding as a result of the PWM supply were small.
    Translated title of the contributionFinite-element analysis of eddy currents in the form-wound multi-conductor windings of electrical machines
    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor's degree
    Awarding Institution
    • Aalto University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Arkkio, Antero, Supervising Professor
    Print ISBNs978-952-248-254-9
    Electronic ISBNs978-952-248-255-6
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)

    Keywords

    • eddy currents
    • finite-element analysis
    • form-wound
    • multi-conductor winding
    • cage induction motor
    • doubly-fed induction generator

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