Fibrillar assembly of bacterial cellulose in the presence of wood-based hemicelluloses

Paavo A. Penttilä*, Tomoya Imai, Junji Sugiyama

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Composite materials mimicking the plant cell wall structure were made by culturing cellulose-producing bacteria together with secondary-wall hemicelluloses from wood. The effects of spruce galactoglucomannan (GGM) and beech xylan on the nanoscale morphology of bacterial cellulose were studied in the original, hydrated state with small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The SAXS intensities were fitted with a model covering multiple levels of the hierarchical structure. Additional information on the structure of dried samples was obtained using scanning and transmission electron microscopy and infra-red spectroscopy. Both hemicelluloses induced a partial conversion of the cellulose crystal structure from Iα to Iβ and a reduction of the cross-sectional dimensions of the cellulose microfibrils, thereby affecting also their packing into bundles. The differences were more pronounced in samples with xylan instead of GGM, and they became more significant with higher hemicellulose concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bacterial cellulose
  • Hemicellulose
  • Hierarchical structure
  • Small-angle scattering


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