Fe-Ti-O based catalyst for large-chiral-angle single-walled carbon nanotube growth
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2016|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Shandong University of Science and Technology
- Technical University of Denmark
Catalyst selection is very crucial for controlled growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs). Here we introduce a well-designed [Formula presented] solid solution for SWNT growth with a high preference to large chiral angles. The [Formula presented] catalyst was prepared by combining Ti layer deposition onto premade Fe nanoparticles with subsequent high-temperature air calcination, which favours the formation of a homogeneous [Formula presented] solid solution. Using CO as the carbon feedstock, chemical vapour deposition growth of SWNTs at 800 °C was demonstrated on the [Formula presented] catalyst. Nanobeam electron diffraction characterization on a number of individual SWNTs revealed that more than 94% of SWNTs have chiral angles larger than 15°. In situ environmental transmission electron microscopy study was carried out to reveal the catalyst dynamics upon reduction. Our results identify that the phase segregation through reducing [Formula presented] catalyst leads to the formation of TiOx-supported small Fe nanoparticles for SWNT growth. The strong metal-support interactions induced by partial reduction of TiOx support promote the wettability of Fe nanoparticle, accounting for the preferential growth of large-chiral-angle SWNTs. This work opens a new avenue for chiral angle selective growth of SWNTs.