Projects per year
Ferrofluids are magnetic liquids known for the patterns they form in external magnetic fields. Typically, the patterns form at the interface between a ferrofluid and another immiscible non-magnetic fluid with a large interfacial tension γ ∼ 10−2 N m−1, leading to large pattern periodicities. Here we show that it is possible to reduce the interfacial tension several orders of magnitude down to ca. γ ∼ 10−6 N m−1 by using two immiscible aqueous phases based on spontaneous phase separation of dextran and polyethylene glycol and the asymmetric partitioning of superparamagnetic maghemite nanoparticles into the dextran-rich phase. The system exhibits classic Rosensweig instability in a uniform magnetic field with a periodicity of ∼200 μm, significantly lower than in traditional systems (∼10 mm). This system paves the way towards the science of pattern formation at the limit of vanishing interfacial tension and ferrofluid applications driven by small external magnetic fields.
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- 2 Active
Controlling and Probing Dynamics, Phase Transitions and Collective Behavior of Active Matter with Magnetic Tweezers
01/09/2018 → 31/08/2023
Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding