Feedback Control in an Actuated Acoustic Guitar Using Frequency Shifting

Etienne Thuillier, Otso Lähdeoja, Vesa Välimäki

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Recent research demonstrated that the classical guitar can be advantageously augmented using a pickup to drive an actuator mounted on the guitar’s back plate. This allows enrichment of the instrument’s timbral palette with audio effect processors in the loop. The feedback problem that results from such a setup is similar to what occurs in live music performance setups where the sound of a guitar is amplified using a loudspeaker. In the present case, measurements of the augmented guitar’s open-loop response demonstrate that instabilities are susceptible to occurring from the string’s modes and not from the guitar’s sound-box. In particular, the shape of the magnitude response suggests frequency shifting as a viable solution to string instability. Introduction of an upward frequency shift in the forward path is proposed as a means for stabilizing the closed-loop system. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed solution leads to improved stability even for a modest frequency shift of 3 Hz. The achieved gain margin improvement, which is shown to be of at least 3 dB, then comes at the cost of a clearly perceptible amplitude modulation, which may be acceptable in conjunction with other audio effects chosen by the performer.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373–381
JournalJournal of the Audio Engineering Society
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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  • Projects

    Active Acoustics: Smart Audio objects at the Interface of the Material and the Digital

    Thuillier, E., Välimäki, V. & Esqueda Flores, F.


    Project: Academy of Finland: Other research funding


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