Feedback-Based Integrated Motorway Traffic Flow Control With Delay Balancing

Georgia Roumpini Iordanidou, Ioannis Papamichail, Claudio Roncoli, Markos Papageorgiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The development and deployment of simple, yet efficient, coordinated and integrated control tools for motorway traffic control remains a challenge. A generic integrated feedback-based motorway traffic flow control concept is proposed in this paper. It is based on the combination and suitable extension of control algorithms and tools proposed or deployed in other studies, such as ramp metering or variable speed limit (VSL)-enabled cascade-feedback mainstream traffic flow control, and allows for consideration of multiple bottlenecks. The new controller enables coordination of ramp metering actions at a series of on-ramps, as well as integration with VSL control actions, toward a common control goal, which is bottleneck throughput maximization. While doing this, the approach considers a pre-specified (desired) balancing of the incurred delays upstream of the employed actuators, via a suitably designed knapsack problem. Despite the multitude of the offered configurations, options, and possibilities, the generic control algorithm remains simple, efficient, and suitable for field implementation. The control algorithm is demonstrated and evaluated using a validated macroscopic traffic flow model for a number of scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2319-2329
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • delay balancing
  • feedback control
  • integrated motorway traffic flow control
  • mainstream traffic flow control
  • ramp metering
  • traffic management
  • variable speed limits


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