Feasibility of neutral particle analysis for fast-ion measurements at W7-X

S. Bannmann*, S. Bozhenkov, S. Äkäslompolo, P. Poloskei, W. Schneider, O. Ford, R. C. Wolf, W7X-Team

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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A preliminary study investigating capabilities of a planned but not yet installed neutral particle analyzer (NPA) [1,2] system combined with a diagnostic neutral beam at Wendelstein 7-X (W7-X) [3] is presented. Additionally two NPAs viewing the neutral beam injection (NBI) [4] source 8 beam and using it as neutral source are studied. The main focus is laid on what information about NBI fast-ion slowing down distributions can be inferred from active NPA measurements when altering the magnetic configuration, plasma β, density, electron temperature or radial electric field. For an order of magnitude estimation of the passive signal a model for penetration of neutral hydrogen recycling from the first wall is implemented. For the active signal a diagnostic neutral beam injector was simulated using FIDASIM [5]. The fast-ion slowing down distributions were calculated with ASCOT [6]. The synthetic NPA signal is found in general to be sensitive to changes in the fast-ion distribution function. Distinct features can be seen in the high energy active signal in the high-mirror configuration when changing β, especially, when looking at deeply trapped fast particles. However, for the initially planned installation geometry of the NPA diagnostic most fast-ion distributions exhibit only small differences in the magnitude and especially shape. In a high density case in the standard magnetic configuration with a central β of 8%, the fast-ion density in the core region is too low to provide a measurable flux of charge exchanged neutrals. The passive signal from the inner plasma regions is found to be negligible compared to the active signal.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberP01034
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Instrumentation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Nuclear instruments and methods for hot plasma diagnostics
  • Simulation methods and programs


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