Far SOL transport and main wall plasma interaction in DIII-D

D. L. Rudakov*, J. A. Boedo, R. A. Moyer, P. C. Stangeby, J. G. Watkins, D. G. Whyte, L. Zeng, N. H. Brooks, R. P. Doerner, T. E. Evans, M. E. Fenstermacher, M. Groth, E. M. Hollmann, S. I. Krasheninnikov, C. J. Lasnier, A. W. Leonard, M. A. Mahdavi, G. R. McKee, A. G. McLean, A. Yu PigarovW. R. Wampler, G. Wang, W. P. West, C. P C Wong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


Far Scrape-Off Layer (SOL) and near-wall plasma parameters in DIII-D depend strongly on the discharge parameters and confinement regime. In L-mode discharges cross-field transport increases with the average discharge density and flattens far SOL profiles, thus increasing plasma contact with the low field side (LFS) main chamber wall. In H-mode between edge localized modes (ELMs) the plasma-wall contact is weaker than in L-mode. During ELM fluxes of particles and heat to the LFS wall increase transiently above the L-mode values. Depending on the discharge conditions, ELMs are responsible for 30-90% of the net ion flux to the outboard chamber wall. ELMs in high density discharges feature intermittent transport events similar to those observed in L-mode and attributed to blobs of dense hot plasma formed inside the separatrix and propagating radially outwards. Though the blobs decay with radius, some of them survive long enough to reach the outer wall and possibly cause sputtering. In lower density H-modes, ELMs can feature blobs of pedestal density propagating all the way to the outer wall.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1589-1599
Number of pages11
JournalNuclear Fusion
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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