Fabricating ultrathin polyamide nanofiltration membranes by surface negative charge-driven assembly strategy for fast desalination

Miao Deng, Zhen Lin*, Chuan Hu, Qiugen Zhang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanofiltration membranes (NFMs) have been widely used in desalination processes. However, low permeance often exists because of the compact separation layers. Herein, we demonstrate a novel and versatile approach of interfacial polymerization (IP) to fabricate polyamide (PA) NFMs for fast desalination. Copper hydroxide nanostrands (CuNS) are synthesized and assembled with sodium polystyrene sulfonate (PSS) to form CuNS/PSS as sacrificial interlayers before fabricating PA layers on polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) substrates. The CuNS/PSS interlayers can assist to store abundant piperazine (PIP) monomers and regulate the distribution by the charge-driven assembly, which slows the IP reaction by impeding diffusion of PIP monomers into oil-water interfaces. Consequently, wrinkled defect-free PA layers can be formed directly on large-porous substrates after dissolving the sacrificial interlayers. The obtained PA NFMs exhibit excellent separation performances, e.g., competitive water permeance of 20.3 L m−2 h−1 bar−1 and high Na2SO4 rejection of 98.3%. This negative charge-driven assembly strategy introduced in IP process can have great potential for NFMs fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121758
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume680
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Charge-driven assembly
  • Desalination
  • Interfacial polymerization
  • Polyamide membrane
  • Sacrificial interlayer

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