Extracting key factors for sustainable development of enterprises: Case study of SMEs in Taiwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Ville Matinaro
  • Yang Liu
  • Tzong Ru (Jiun Shen) Lee
  • Jurgen Poesche

Research units

  • Linköping University
  • University of Vaasa
  • National Chung Hsing University
  • Aalto University


In general, enterprises should pay close attention to sustaining sufficient competitiveness in turbulent global business environments that focus on sustainable operations, especially environmental issues. It is obligated for enterprises to protect the environment, utilize sustainable resources and establish eco-industries. Many large enterprises have joined the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). However, the small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) pay various degrees of attention to environmental issues and sustainable operations. This paper investigates the sustainable development and innovation of 233 SMEs in Taiwan to find out how to develop a business model that helps them operate in a more sustainable and environmentally friendly way. According to our results, a sustainable business model is a key factor for competitive advantages with straightforward connections to business success. Results also indicate that a sustainable business model is performed with the agreement of colleagues in an organization and it requires comprehensive strategic efforts. This study has limited findings to show the insights of Taiwanese SMEs and should not be generalized in other contexts.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1152-1169
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • Grey relational analysis (GRA), Key success factors (KFSs), Small and medium size enterprises (SMEs), Sustainable business models

ID: 30292477