External silane donors in Ziegler-Natta catalysis: a two-site model simulation of the effects of various alkoxysilane compounds

Mika Härkönen, Jukka V. Seppälä, Riichirô Chûjô*, Yoshiaki Kogure

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The results of experiments with a supported Ziegler-Natta catalyst were interpreted by a two-site model of the active sites, in order to enhance the understanding of multiple types of catalyst active sites and in particular the role of the external donor. The applicability of the two-site model is discussed and the stochastic parameters of the model are correlated with both the experimental and molecular modelling data. The two-site model satisfactorily explains the major part of the active sites of this highly isospecific catalyst and is a suitable tool for analysing the effects of the donors on catalyst active sites. Nevertheless, it does not completely describe the behaviour of Mg-supported Ziegler-Natta Ti catalyst. There is probably more than one kind of active site producing the part of polypropylene that is soluble in boiling heptane. This study also supports the earlier suggestion that some of the changes in the population of active sites can be explained only through the formation of new sites, and more specifically through the existence of fluctuating sites that can be stabilized by external donors. The stability of these new sites depends on both the structural and electronic properties of the external donors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1499-1505
    Number of pages7
    JournalPolymer
    Volume36
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1995
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Keywords

    • external donor
    • two-site model
    • Ziegler-Natta catalyst

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