Extending a Birdcage Coil for Magnetic Resonance Imaging of a Human Head with an Artificial Magnetic Shield

Kseniia Lezhennikova, C. Simovski, R. Abdeddaim, R. Balafendiev, S. Glybovski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

In magnetic resonance imaging, a birdcage coil is the most commonly used volumetric resonator creating a highly homogeneous radiofrequency magnetic field in a conductive sample. An artificial magnetic radiofrequency shield was recently shown to improve the magnetic field amplitude per unit power (transmit efficiency) of a preclinical birdcage coil by reducing the intrinsic losses in the coil and increasing power absorbed by the sample. In this paper, we propose a new application of an artificial shield in clinical MRI. Thanks to the proposed artificial shield a birdcage coil for human brain imaging operating at 300 MHz (Larmor frequency of protons at static fields of 7 T) can be expanded to increase free space. As a result, the coil becomes more comfortable for the patient and keeping comparable transmit efficiency. The same extended coil with a conventional copper shield would have at least 10% lower efficiency. The proposed artificial shield is implemented as an annular-ring cavity-backed slot in a copper cylinder that tightly surrounds the birdcage. To demonstrate the effect, radiofrequency magnetic field and specific absorption rate distributions were compared numerically and experimentally for the initial and extended coils with different shields.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100890
JournalPhotonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications
Volume43
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Ultra-high field MRI
  • Magnetic shield
  • Human head MRI
  • Birdcage coil

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