Extended Pharmacokinetic Model of the Rabbit Eye for Intravitreal and Intracameral Injections of Macromolecules: Quantitative Analysis of Anterior and Posterior Elimination Pathways

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Marko Lamminsalo
  • Ella Taskinen
  • Timo Karvinen
  • Astrid Subrizi
  • Lasse Murtomäki
  • Arto Urtti
  • Veli Pekka Ranta

Research units

  • University of Eastern Finland
  • Comsol Oy
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Helsinki
  • St. Petersburg State University


Purpose: To extend the physiological features of the anatomically accurate model of the rabbit eye for intravitreal (IVT) and intracameral (IC) injections of macromolecules. Methods: The computational fluid dynamic model of the rabbit eye by Missel (2012) was extended by enhancing the mixing in the anterior chamber with thermal gradient, heat transfer and gravity, and studying its effect on IC injections of hyaluronic acids. In IVT injections of FITC-dextrans (MW 10–157 kDa) the diffusion though retina was defined based on published in vitro data. Systematic changes in retinal permeability and convective transport were made, and the percentages of anterior and posterior elimination pathways were quantified. Simulations were compared with published in vivo data. Results: With the enhanced mixing the elimination half-lives of hyaluronic acids after IC injection were 62–100 min that are similar to in vivo data and close to the theoretical value for the well-stirred anterior chamber (57 min). In IVT injections of FITC-dextrans a good match between simulations and in vivo data was obtained when the percentage of anterior elimination pathway was over 80%. Conclusions: The simulations with the extended model closely resemble in vivo pharmacokinetics, and the model is a valuable tool for data interpretation and predictions.


Original languageEnglish
Article number153
JournalPharmaceutical Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • computational fluid dynamics, intracameral injection, intravitreal injection, macromolecule, ocular pharmacokinetics

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 25728727