Exploring the learning outcomes with various technologies - Proposing design principles for virtual reality learning environments

Jani Holopainen, Antti Lähtevänoja, Osmo Mattila, Ilona Södervik, Essi Pöyry, Petri Parvinen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study compares three virtual learning environments: VR, 3D videos and 2D videos. Following Bloom's taxonomy of learning outcomes, we measure remembering, understanding and ability to apply. We also apply the affordance theory framework to explain the differences between these virtual learning environments. Based on the results, we propose design principles for VR learning environments. The results suggest that VR has its advantages on the apply -level, or higher, as it outperforms the other two technologies at this level. In addition, several design principles are suggested, such as customized learning, challenging learning environments, multi-sensory effects, immersion, interactivity, 3D-dimensionality, engagement as well as motivation towards the content and technology. The results highlight the importance of choosing the right technology when designing virtual learning environments. This study demonstrates how virtual environment affordances and equivalent scales can be used in making those decisions.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 53rd Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, HICSS 2020
EditorsTung X. Bui
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages12-21
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780998133133
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventAnnual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences - Maui, United States
Duration: 7 Jan 202010 Jan 2020
Conference number: 53

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Volume2020-January
ISSN (Print)1530-1605

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences
Abbreviated titleHICSS
CountryUnited States
CityMaui
Period07/01/202010/01/2020

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