We investigated the phase relations of the SiO2-MgO-TiO2 system in air at 1500°C using the high-temperature isothermal equilibration/quenching technique, followed by x-ray diffraction measurements and direct phase analysis using scanning electron microscopy coupled with x-ray energy dispersive spectrometry. One single liquid phase domain, five two-phase domains (liquid-TiO2, liquid-cristobalite, liquid-MgO·SiO2, liquid-2MgO·SiO2, and liquid-MgO·2TiO2), and five three-phase regions (liquid-TiO2-MgO·2TiO2, liquid-MgO·SiO2-cristobalite, liquid-TiO2-cristobalite, liquid-MgO·SiO2-2MgO·SiO2 and liquid-2MgO·SiO2-MgO·2TiO2) were observed. We constructed a 1500°C isothermal phase diagram based on the experimentally measured liquid compositions. We compared simulations using MTDATA and FactSage thermodynamic software and their databases with the experimental results obtained in this study. These results can be used to provide guidelines for updating the MTDATA and FactSage titania-bearing thermodynamic databases by reassessing the thermodynamic properties of the phase with new experimental data.