Experimental study on factors influencing ERC-NSC interface bonding performance

Nannan Sun, Yifan Song, Wei Hou*, Shuanhai He, Weiwei Lin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The short-term behavior and long-term durability of materials for structural strengthening are significantly affected by their bond properties and compatibility with the existing substrate. In this study, the bonding performance between a normal strength concrete (NSC) substrate and an epoxy resin concrete (ERC) layer was investigated by applying direct tensile, splitting tensile, bi-shear, and slant shear tests, and the interfacial bond strength and corresponding failure modes were explored. Several factors that may affect the interfacial bond strength, including the ERC age, substrate moisture degree, and interface inclination angle, were examined to explore their influences. The results reveal that the increase in ERC age resulted in various degrees of increment for the bond strength among the four tests. The saturated surface dry (SSD) preparation method slightly increased the bond strength by 3 % in the splitting tensile tests. However, moisture at the substrate interface reduced the bond values by 25.5 %, 29.67 %, and 16.9 % in the direct tensile, bi-shear, and slant shear tests, respectively. As the inclination angle increased, the bonding strength of the slant shear test increased, while a larger inclination angle reduced the likelihood of interfacial failure. Furthermore, the minimum cohesion and shear friction coefficients were determined to be 2.26 MPa and 1.68 for air surface dry preparation and 1.62 MPa and 1.48 for SSD preparation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106819
JournalEngineering Failure Analysis
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Bond
  • Bridge
  • Cohesion
  • Epoxy resin concrete (ERC)
  • Friction
  • Normal strength concrete (NSC)


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