Experimental investigation of performance properties of asphalt mixture designed with the re-recycled RAP and EAFSS

Di Wang, Augusto Cannone Falchetto*, Ki Hoon Moon, Chiara Riccardi, Michael P. Wistuba

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review


In this paper, the combined use of re-recycled reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and Electric Arc-Furnace Steel Slag (EAFSS) is experimentally investigated and evaluated. First, a virgin asphalt mixture for surface layers is prepared and next aged in the laboratory to reproduce artificial RAP. Then, this material is used to prepare a set of first generation recycled mixtures which further undergoes the same procedure to finally produce RAP and mixtures presenting a second generation of recycling (re-recycling). Meanwhile, the combination of EAFSS and RAP of different generations is also incorporated in the mix design. Fatigue, low temperature creep, and fracture tests are conducted to evaluate the mixtures’ mechanical properties. Both recycled and re-recycled mixtures prepared with or without slags shows better fatigue behavior than virgin material. Higher stiffness and poorer relaxation response are exhibited by re-recycled RAP mixtures compared with the recycled materials, although within levels commonly observed in the literature. Fracture tests indicate a complex behavior for re-recycled mixtures showing a similar response to the virgin materials for a higher amount of RAP. Only limited differences can be found when slag is used. The present experimental study seems to provide evidence on the possibility of combining re-recycled RAP and EAFSS to designing asphalt mixtures for pavement application.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Asphalt Pavements & Environment (APE)
Subtitle of host publicationISAP APE 2019
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-29779-4
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-29778-7
Publication statusPublished - 2020
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book
EventInternational Symposium on Asphalt Pavements & Environment - Padova, Italy
Duration: 11 Sept 201913 Sept 2019
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


ConferenceInternational Symposium on Asphalt Pavements & Environment
Abbreviated titleISAP APE


  • Asphalt mixture
  • Electric arc-furnace steel slag (EAFSS)
  • Mechanical properties
  • Re-recycling
  • Reclaimed asphalt pavement


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