We present the first measurements of the Berry phase in a superconducting Cooper pair pump. A fixed amount of Berry phase is accumulated to the quantum-mechanical ground state in each adiabatic pumping cycle, which is determined by measuring the charge passing through the device. The dynamic and geometric phases are identified and measured quantitatively from their different response when pumping in opposite directions. Our observations, in particular, the dependencies of the dynamic and geometric effects on the superconducting phase bias across the pump, agree with the basic theoretical model of coherent Cooper pair pumping.
- Berry phase
- Cooper pair pump
- superconducting charge pump
Möttönen, M., Vartiainen, J., & Pekola, J. (2008). Experimental determination of the Berry phase in a superconducting charge pump. Physical Review Letters, 100(17), 1-4. . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.177201