Exemplar-based Sparse Representations for Detection of Parkinson's Disease from Speech

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a progressive neurological disorder which affects the motor system. The automatic detection of PD improves the diagnosis of the disease, and it can be done in a non-invasive manner from speech. In this paper, we investigate the use of an exemplar-based sparse representation (SR) classification approach for detecting PD from speech. Exemplars are speech feature vectors extracted from the training data. The idea is to formulate the detection task as a problem of finding sparse representations of test speech feature vectors with respect to training speech exemplars. The main advantage of using the SR approach instead of conventional machine learning (ML)-based approaches is that the training step–which is time-consuming and sometimes requires unorganized hyper-parameter tuning–is not needed. Furthermore, SRs are more robust to redundancy and noise in the data. In this work, we study SR classification approaches based on two sparse coding models, namely, l1-regularized least squares (l1LS) and non-negative least squares (NNLS). We propose a strategy based on
class-specific dictionaries for improving performance of the l1LS-and NNLS-based SR classification. To investigate the detection performance, the l1LS- and NNLS-based approaches are applied and compared with the traditional PD detection approach based on ML classification algorithms using the PC-GITA PD dataset and an openly available dataset consisting of mobile device voice recordings from healthy and PD patients. The results indicate that the proposed NNLS-based SR classification approach performs better than the traditional ML-based methods in discriminating PD patients from healthy subjects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1386-1396
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Diseases
  • exemplar-based
  • Feature extraction
  • glottal features
  • Mathematical models
  • non-negative least squares
  • Parkinson's disease
  • Pipelines
  • random forest
  • sparse representation
  • Support vector machines
  • SVM
  • Task analysis
  • Training


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