Examining the structure of lean and agile values among software developers

Fabian Fagerholm, Max Pagels

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Gaining maximum benefit of Lean and Agile methods requires a thorough understanding of their assumptions regarding culture, mindset, and values. This paper examines the value system structure of experienced developers working with Lean and Agile methods, and compares it to universal human values and individual personality. We developed and deployed an online survey on Lean and Agile values, with embedded measures for universal values and personality. The resulting data set, with 61 respondents, was analysed using agglomerative hierarchical clustering and multidimensional scaling. A value structure containing 11 Lean and Agile values was uncovered, yielding insight into how Lean and Agile developers experience values in their work. The analysis shows that Lean and Agile values are connected, but not equal, to universal values and personality. The proposed model can help practitioners understand the ethos of Lean and Agile methodologies and to assess their organisational culture. It may also help researchers to study models of software developer experience and value systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming - 15th International Conference, XP 2014, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783319068619
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Agile Software Development - Rome, Italy
Duration: 26 May 201430 May 2014
Conference number: 15

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Business Information Processing
Volume179 LNBIP
ISSN (Print)1865-1348


ConferenceInternational Conference on Agile Software Development
Abbreviated titleXP


  • Agile software development
  • Developer experience
  • Human factors
  • Lean software development
  • Quantitative study
  • Survey
  • Values


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