Exact Solution for Conversion of Surface Waves to Space Waves by Periodical Impenetrable Metasurfaces

Svetlana N. Tcvetkova*, Stefano MacI, Sergei A. Tretyakov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


We show that there exists an exact solution for a lossless and reciprocal periodic surface impedance which ensures full conversion of a single-mode surface wave propagating along the impedance boundary to a single plane wave propagating along the desired direction in free space above the boundary. In contrast to known realizations of leaky-wave antennas, the optimal surface reactance modulation that is found here ensures the absence of evanescent higher order modes of the Floquet wave expansion of fields near the radiating surface. Thus, all the energy carried by the surface wave is used for launching the single inhomogeneous plane wave into space, without the accumulation of reactive energy in higher order modes. The results of the study are expected to be useful for the creation of leaky-wave antennas with the ultimate efficiency and, moreover, can potentially lead to novel applications, from microwaves to nanophotonics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8633967
Pages (from-to)3200-3207
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Boundary conditions
  • leaky-wave antennas
  • metasurfaces
  • surface impedance
  • surface waves


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