Evolution of the Uranium Chemical State in Mixed-Valence Oxides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

  • Gregory Leinders
  • Ph.D. Rene Bes

  • Janne Pakarinen
  • Kristina Kvashnina
  • Marc Verwerft

Research units

  • Belgian Nuclear Research Center
  • European Synchrotron Radiation Facility
  • Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

Abstract

A fundamental question concerning the chemical state of uranium in the binary oxides UO2, U4O9, U3O7, U3O8, and UO3 is addressed. By utilizing high energy resolution fluorescence detection X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (HERFD-XANES) at the uranium M4 edge, a novel technique in the tender X-ray region, we obtain the distribution of formal oxidation states in the mixed-valence oxides U4O9, U3O7, and U3O8. Moreover, we clearly identify a pivot from U(IV)-U(V) to U(V)-U(VI) charge compensation, corresponding with transition from a fluorite-type structure (U3O7) to a layered structure (U3O8). Such physicochemical properties are of interest to a broad audience of researchers and engineers active in domains ranging from fundamental physics to nuclear industry and environmental science.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6784-6787
Number of pages4
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume56
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ID: 14253003