Evolution of the Agile Scaling Frameworks

Ömer Uludağ*, Abheeshta Putta, Maria Paasivaara, Florian Matthes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
114 Downloads (Pure)


Over the past decade, agile methods have become the favored choice for projects undertaken in rapidly changing environments. The success of agile methods in small, co-located projects has inspired companies to apply them in larger projects. Agile scaling frameworks, such as Large Scale Scrum and Scaled Agile Framework, have been invented by practitioners to scale agile to large projects and organizations. Given the importance of agile scaling frameworks, research on those frameworks is still limited. This paper presents our findings from an empirical survey answered by the methodologists of 15 agile scaling frameworks. We explored (i) framework evolution, (ii) main reasons behind their creation, (iii) benefits, and (iv) challenges of adopting these frameworks. The most common reasons behind creating the frameworks were improving the organization’s agility and collaboration between agile teams. The most commonly claimed benefits included enabling frequent deliveries and enhancing employee satisfaction, motivation, and engagement. The most mentioned challenges were using frameworks as cooking recipes instead of focusing on changing people’s culture and mindset.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAgile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming - 22nd International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2021, Proceedings
EditorsPeggy Gregory, Casper Lassenius, Xiaofeng Wang, Philippe Kruchten
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9783030780975
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Agile Software Development - Virtual, Online, Denmark
Duration: 14 Jun 202118 Jun 2021
Conference number: 22

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Business Information Processing
Volume419 LNBIP
ISSN (Print)1865-1348
ISSN (Electronic)1865-1356


ConferenceInternational Conference on Agile Software Development
Abbreviated titleXP
CityVirtual, Online


  • Agile scaling frameworks
  • Large-scale agile
  • Survey


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