Evidence of the Zn vacancy acting as the dominant acceptor in n-type ZnO

F. Tuomisto, V. Ranki, K. Saarinen, D.C. Look

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We have used positron annihilation spectroscopy to determine the nature and the concentrations of the open volume defects in as-grown and electron irradiated (Eel=2   MeV, fluence 6×1017   cm−2) ZnO samples. The Zn vacancies are identified at concentrations of [VZn]≃2×1015   cm−3 in the as-grown material and [VZn]≃2×1016   cm−3 in the irradiated ZnO. These concentrations are in very good agreement with the total acceptor density determined by temperature dependent Hall experiments. Thus, the Zn vacancies are dominant acceptors in both as-grown and irradiated ZnO.
Original languageEnglish
Article number205502
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • acceptor
  • irradiation
  • vacancy
  • ZnO


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