First-principles electronic structure and positron-state calculations for perfect and defected 3C- and 6H-SiC polytypes of SiC have been performed. Monovacancies and divacancies have been treated; the influence of lattice position and nitrogen impurities have been considered in the former case. Positron affinities and binding energies have been calculated; trends are discussed, and the results compared with recent atomic superposition method calculations. Experimental determination of the electron and positron work functions of the same 6H-SiC allows an assessment of the accuracy of the present first-principles calculations, and to suggest further improvements.
- positron annihilation