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Secure bootstrapping is the process by which a device gets the necessary configuration information and security credentials to become operational. In many pervasive computing and Internet-of-Things scenarios, it is often not possible to rely on the existence of a trusted third party or other network infrastructure for bootstrapping. Therefore, several device bootstrapping protocols rely on an out-of-band (OOB) channel for initial device authentication and configuration. We begin this paper by understanding the need for OOB channels and performing a literature survey of existing standards and devices that rely on OOB channels. We then look at one candidate bootstrapping protocol: Nimble out-of-band authentication for EAP (EAP-NOOB). We provide a brief overview of the EAP-NOOB protocol and describe its unique OOB channel requirements. Thereafter, we implement three OOB channels for EAP-NOOB using near-field communication, quick response codes, and sound. Using our implementation, we evaluate the usability, security, benefits, and limitations of each of the OOB channels.
|Journal||SN Computer Science|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|