Evaluation of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions for electric vehicles in Nordic climate conditions

Antti Lajunen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research evaluates the energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of electric vehicles in Nordic climate conditions. The energy sources and CO2 emissions of electricity generation in the European Nordic countries were presented. The vehicle energy consumption was analyzed based on numerous simulations in different driving cycles and ambient conditions. Daily average energy consumption was calculated based on the temperature data from three different cities in Finland. Vehicle operation CO2 emissions were calculated based on monthly average energy consumption and average CO2 emissions of the electricity generation. The research results clearly show that the energy consumption of electric vehicles is much higher in cold climate conditions. Because the CO2 emissions of the electricity generation are high during the winter months in Finland, the vehicle CO2 emissions are much higher during winter months than in the summer. Due to the relatively low CO2 emissions of the electricity generation in most of the Nordic countries, the CO2 emissions from the vehicle production are more important during vehicle lifecycle.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 Thirteenth International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER)
PublisherIEEE
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5386-5966-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies - Monte Carlo, Monaco
Duration: 10 Apr 201812 Apr 2018
Conference number: 13

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies
Abbreviated titleEVER
CountryMonaco
CityMonte Carlo
Period10/04/201812/04/2018

Keywords

  • energy consumption
  • carbon dioxide
  • electric vehicle
  • electricity generation
  • cold conditions

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