Evaluation method for in situ electric field in standardized human brain for different transcranial magnetic stimulation coils

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Researchers

Research units

  • Nagoya Institute of Technology

Abstract

This study proposes a method to evaluate the electric field induced in the brain by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to realize focal stimulation in the target area considering the inter-subject difference of the brain anatomy. The TMS is a non-invasive technique used for treatment/diagnosis, and it works by inducing an electric field in a specific area of the brain via a coil-induced magnetic field. Recent studies that report on the electric field distribution in the brain induced by TMS coils have been limited to simplified human brain models or a small number of detailed human brain models. Until now, no method has been developed that appropriately evaluates the coil performance for a group of subjects. In this study, we first compare the magnetic field and the magnetic vector potential distributions to determine if they can be used as predictors of the TMS focality derived from the electric field distribution. Next, the hotspots of the electric field on the brain surface of ten subjects using six coils are compared. Further, decisive physical factors affecting the focality of the induced electric field by different coils are discussed by registering the computed electric field in a standard brain space for the first time, so as to evaluate coil characteristics for a large population of subjects. The computational results suggest that the induced electric field in the target area cannot be generalized without considering the morphological variability of the human brain. Moreover, there was no remarkable difference between the various coils, although focality could be improved to a certain extent by modifying the coil design (e.g., coil radius). Finally, the focality estimated by the electric field was more correlated with the magnetic vector potential than the magnetic field in a homogeneous sphere.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2224-2238
Number of pages15
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume62
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

    Research areas

  • brain stimulation, evaluation of device performance, low-frequency dosimetry, transcranial magnetic stimulation, volume conductor model

ID: 13535304