Evaluating the applicability of elevators in frequency containment reserves

Toni Tukia, Semen Uimonen, Matti Lehtonen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
213 Downloads (Pure)


This paper analyzes the potential of applying elevators in power system frequency containment reserves (FCR). As an example, the study employs the Finnish FCR market structure. The markets are split into two segments: frequency containment reserves for normal operation (FCR-N) and for disturbances (FCR-D). Both of the markets have distinct minimum bid sizes and thresholds for the maximum allowed delay for activating the reserves. The paper uses a unique elevator simulator to assess the power consumption profiles of common elevator setups. Then, the elevators are aggregated into a virtual power plant (VPP) and controlled with a variety of approaches to rank the effectiveness of each control method. As a result, the paper estimates the potential contribution of elevators to a VPP-provided service as well as the adverse impact on traffic performance f or different elevator types in hourly granularity for weekdays and weekends.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 15th International Conference on the European Energy Market, EEM 2018
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781538614884
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sept 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Conference on the European Energy Market - Lodz, Poland
Duration: 27 Jun 201829 Jun 2018
Conference number: 15

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on the European Energy Market
ISSN (Print)2165-4077
ISSN (Electronic)2165-4093


ConferenceInternational Conference on the European Energy Market
Abbreviated titleEEM


  • Aggregation
  • Demand response
  • Elevators
  • Frequency containment reserve
  • Virtual power plant


Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating the applicability of elevators in frequency containment reserves'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this