Estimation of energy-saving potential and indoor thermal comfort by the central control of the heating curve in old apartment buildings

Hatef Hajian*, Kaiser Ahmed, Jarek Kurnitski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articleScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

In this research, an existing building calibrated simulation model from 1981 was built based on measured energy and indoor temperature data. The model was used to study the central control's energy-saving potential. With parametric simulations, DHW circulation internal heat gain and ventilation airflow rate was determined as 85% and 0.29 l/s/m2, respectively. DHW circulation heat loss has been found almost as high as DHW use. Dropping the heating curve from 70/40 °C to 65/35 °C resulted in a saving of 0.6 kWh/m2a (0.8% of space heating energy) on the cost of thermal comfort as yearly hours of the mean air temperature below 21 °C rose from 2.7% to 9.0%. It was necessary to reduce the heating curve to 55/25 °C in a hypothetical scenario with fully open thermostats, indicating heat redistribution from warmer to colder rooms, leading to higher heating energy. The findings indicate no energy saving potential due to compromising thermal comfort even by 5 °C heating curve reduction. It was revealed that the building average indoor temperature is not a factor to estimate energy-saving potential because of too low temperature in the coldest apartments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number09002
Number of pages10
JournalE3S Web of Conferences
Volume246
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Cold Climate HVAC Conference - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 18 Apr 202121 Apr 2021

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