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In this research, an existing building calibrated simulation model from 1981 was built based on measured energy and indoor temperature data. The model was used to study the central control's energy-saving potential. With parametric simulations, DHW circulation internal heat gain and ventilation airflow rate was determined as 85% and 0.29 l/s/m2, respectively. DHW circulation heat loss has been found almost as high as DHW use. Dropping the heating curve from 70/40 °C to 65/35 °C resulted in a saving of 0.6 kWh/m2a (0.8% of space heating energy) on the cost of thermal comfort as yearly hours of the mean air temperature below 21 °C rose from 2.7% to 9.0%. It was necessary to reduce the heating curve to 55/25 °C in a hypothetical scenario with fully open thermostats, indicating heat redistribution from warmer to colder rooms, leading to higher heating energy. The findings indicate no energy saving potential due to compromising thermal comfort even by 5 °C heating curve reduction. It was revealed that the building average indoor temperature is not a factor to estimate energy-saving potential because of too low temperature in the coldest apartments.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||E3S Web of Conferences|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Mar 2021|
|MoE publication type||A4 Article in a conference publication|
|Event||International Cold Climate HVAC Conference - Tallinn, Estonia|
Duration: 18 Apr 2021 → 21 Apr 2021