Estimation of 14 MeV neutron rate from triton burn-up in future W7-X deuterium plasma campaigns

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Fast ion confinement is of major importance for the ignition of a burning fusion plasma. In future deuterium plasma campaigns of the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator, W7-X, the amount of triton burn-up is one possible measure for fast ion confinement. A well-established technique to observe triton burn-up is the 14 MeV neutron rate. In this paper, it is estimated whether an existing scintillating fibre neutron detector is also suited to measure triton burn-up in W7-X with sufficient accuracy. An estimation is presented, which can be applied to any tokamak or stellarator design and is one-dimensional in the minor radius. The inputs are profiles of density, temperature, and differential volume element as well as the triton slowing-down time. The estimation calculates the thermal deuteron fusion rate and the associated deuteron-triton fusion rate; thus, the triton burn-up generated 14 MeV neutron rate. It neither takes triton diffusion nor explicit losses into account. This thermally generated fusion rate is compared to the neutral beam injection heating induced beam-plasma fusion rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere201900186
JournalContributions to Plasma Physics
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 1 Jan 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • deuterium plasmas
  • fast ion physics
  • neutron diagnostics
  • triton burn-up
  • W7-X

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