Estimating the impact of a treatment on a given response is needed in many biomedical applications. However, methodology is lacking for the case when the response is a continuous temporal curve, treatment covariates suffer extensively from measurement error, and even the exact timing of the treatments is unknown. We introduce a novel method for this challenging scenario. We model personalized treatment-response curves as a combination of parametric response functions, hierarchically sharing information across individuals, and a sparse Gaussian process for the baseline trend. Importantly, our model accounts for errors not only in treatment covariates, but also in treatment timings, a problem arising in practice for example when data on treatments are based on user self-reporting. We validate our model with simulated and real patient data, and show that in a challenging application of estimating the impact of diet on continuous blood glucose measurements, accounting for measurement error significantly improves estimation and prediction accuracy.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||IEEE JOURNAL OF BIOMEDICAL AND HEALTH INFORMATICS|
|Early online date||20 Apr 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2021|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|