Enzymatic upgrading of heteroxylans for added-value chemicals and polymers

Thu V. Vuong, Emma R. Master

Research output: Contribution to journalReview Articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)
101 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Xylan is one of the most abundant, natural polysaccharides, and much recent interest focuses on upgrading heteroxylan to make use of its unique structures and chemistries. Significant progress has been made in the discovery and application of novel enzymes for debranching and modifying heteroxylans. Debranching enzymes include acetylxylan esterases, α-L-arabinofuranosidases and α-Dglucuronidases that release side groups from the xylan backbone to recover both biochemicals and less substituted xylans for polymer applications in food packaging or drug delivery systems. Besides esterases and hydrolases, many oxidoreductases including carbohydrate oxidases, lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases, laccases and peroxidases have been also applied to alter different types of xylans for improved physical and chemical properties. This review will highlight the recent discovery and application of enzymes for upgrading xylans for use as added-value chemicals and in functional polymers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-60
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology
Volume73
Early online date23 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022
MoE publication typeA2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review

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