Environmentally sustainable use of recycled crushed concrete aggregate in earthworks

Taavi Dettenborn, Leena Korkiala-Tanttu, Riina Känkänen, Tarja Niemelin, Juha Forsman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Recently, new environmental concerns regarding earthwork constructions have emerged. Such concerns are considerably wide, ranging from water economy to carbon dioxide emissions and waste control in construction phases. To decrease the use of non-renewable natural resources as well as environmental effects of earthworks, natural aggregate materials can be replaced with recycled materials such as recycled crushed concrete aggregate. The effect of crushed concrete to sustainability is manifold: high deformation modulus produces savings in layer thickness, the aggregate is approximately 10 % lighter, and its “urban” availability produces savings in transport and less waste to landfills, it allows savings in transport and in natural aggregates, and produces stiffer base and subbase layers and thereby less maintenance, etc. One of the largest contributors of the greenhouse gas emission is the production of cement for use in concrete. However, concrete is well-known for its carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake by carbonation. The uptake rate becomes higher in a recycling process because the reacting surface area is increased by crushing processes. The use of recycled crushed concrete aggregate therefore benefits environment by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and energy consumption, and by conserving natural aggregate sources.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)978-89-952197-5-1
Publication statusPublished - 19 Sep 2017
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering - Seoul, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 17 Sep 201722 Sep 2017
Conference number: 19


ConferenceInternational Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering
Abbreviated titleICSMGE
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • Emission
  • recycled crushed concrete aggregate, C&DW, Emission, climate change, LCA, sustainability, resource efficiency
  • C&DW
  • climate change
  • LCA
  • sustainability
  • resource efficiency


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