Environmental contamination at Finnish shooting ranges-the scope of the problem and management options

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Environmental contamination at Finnish shooting ranges-the scope of the problem and management options. / Sorvari, Jaana; Antikainen, Riina; Pyy, Outi.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 366, No. 1, 31.07.2006, p. 21-31.

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@article{d5b39ec68a5f468c9ebc6b80cca7cc97,
title = "Environmental contamination at Finnish shooting ranges-the scope of the problem and management options",
abstract = "In Finland, shooting ranges are among the most common activities causing soil contamination. According to our study based on questionnaires and previous regional surveys, the total number of Finnish outdoor shooting ranges is between 2000 and 2500. Most of the ranges are small and only ca. 5{\%} exceed 20 ha. Almost a third of the ranges can cause a groundwater pollution risk, while only few cause an immediate health risk. In the first instance, 50-60 shooting ranges identified as being high-risk areas should be investigated in detail. At present, the risk management options at Finnish shooting ranges are very limited. Hence, soil excavation combined with disposal is the most common remediation technique. Some of the remediation methods used in other countries have been proven unsuitable in Finnish conditions. Therefore, new, feasible, cost-effective and economical remediation technologies are needed. To exclude future contamination, a total ban of lead shot would be the most effective way.",
keywords = "Contamination, Lead, Risk management, Shooting range, Survey",
author = "Jaana Sorvari and Riina Antikainen and Outi Pyy",
year = "2006",
month = "7",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.12.019",
language = "English",
volume = "366",
pages = "21--31",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",
number = "1",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental contamination at Finnish shooting ranges-the scope of the problem and management options

AU - Sorvari, Jaana

AU - Antikainen, Riina

AU - Pyy, Outi

PY - 2006/7/31

Y1 - 2006/7/31

N2 - In Finland, shooting ranges are among the most common activities causing soil contamination. According to our study based on questionnaires and previous regional surveys, the total number of Finnish outdoor shooting ranges is between 2000 and 2500. Most of the ranges are small and only ca. 5% exceed 20 ha. Almost a third of the ranges can cause a groundwater pollution risk, while only few cause an immediate health risk. In the first instance, 50-60 shooting ranges identified as being high-risk areas should be investigated in detail. At present, the risk management options at Finnish shooting ranges are very limited. Hence, soil excavation combined with disposal is the most common remediation technique. Some of the remediation methods used in other countries have been proven unsuitable in Finnish conditions. Therefore, new, feasible, cost-effective and economical remediation technologies are needed. To exclude future contamination, a total ban of lead shot would be the most effective way.

AB - In Finland, shooting ranges are among the most common activities causing soil contamination. According to our study based on questionnaires and previous regional surveys, the total number of Finnish outdoor shooting ranges is between 2000 and 2500. Most of the ranges are small and only ca. 5% exceed 20 ha. Almost a third of the ranges can cause a groundwater pollution risk, while only few cause an immediate health risk. In the first instance, 50-60 shooting ranges identified as being high-risk areas should be investigated in detail. At present, the risk management options at Finnish shooting ranges are very limited. Hence, soil excavation combined with disposal is the most common remediation technique. Some of the remediation methods used in other countries have been proven unsuitable in Finnish conditions. Therefore, new, feasible, cost-effective and economical remediation technologies are needed. To exclude future contamination, a total ban of lead shot would be the most effective way.

KW - Contamination

KW - Lead

KW - Risk management

KW - Shooting range

KW - Survey

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33745860079&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.12.019

DO - 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2005.12.019

M3 - Article

VL - 366

SP - 21

EP - 31

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 9941044