Enhancing the barrier properties of micro nanofibrillated cellulose (MNFC) by inclusion of pigment with designed surface modification

C. J. Ridgway, P. A.C. Gone, D. Kisters

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review


Oil barrier functionality is considered an integral part of packaging paper and board design, especially in the food packaging sector, arising from demands to contain fatty foods as well as to protect foodstuff in general from the potential migration of mineral oil residues from recycled fibre components. Sustainable solutions to the problem of achieving such barriers by application of a thin film-forming layer onto fibrous substrates tend to be either expensive due to high production processing costs, for example when considering the use of nanocellulose films, or partially ineffectual due to poor coverage and holdout. Furthermore, interesting materials such as lower production energy demand micro nanofibrillated cellulose (MNFC), containing a significant portion of microfibrils and advantageously processed including mineral filler, are hampered in this demanding field due to lack of complete surface coverage and resulting allied poor film-forming properties. The less than adequate coverage derives from main two causes, (i) the rough and void-containing absorbent surface of fibre sheets, and (ii) the low solids content of gel-like aqueous MNFC suspensions.
The challenge identified in (i) above was shown previously by Ridgway and Gane in 2012 [1] to be conveniently overcome by applying an initial pigment precoat layer to reduce the natural surface voidage and roughness of the paper/board prior to the application of the MNFC. However, the question of low solids content resulting in uneven film-forming, posed in (ii), remained, nonetheless, incompletely solved. In this study, to overcome the issue of poor holdout, we again focus on the use of a mineral precoat to provide surface smoothness and to reduce the size of surface voids, and then build on this mineral precoated substrate to tackle the problem of enhancing the continuity of film-forming by increasing the pigment solids content of the MNFC-containing barrier application.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPaper Conference and Trade Show, PaperCon 2018
PublisherTAPPI Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781510871892
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventTAPPI Paper Conference and Trade Show - Charlotte, United States
Duration: 15 Apr 201818 Apr 2018


ConferenceTAPPI Paper Conference and Trade Show
Abbreviated titlePaperCon
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Coating barriers
  • Micro nanofibibrillated cellulose
  • Oil migration
  • Pigment hydrocolloid hybrid
  • Pigment-cellulose interaction


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