Enhancement of dielectric and mechanical properties of Polyvinyl Chloride nanocomposites using functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles

Nagat M.K. Abdel-Gawad, Adel Z.El Dein, Diaa Eldin A. Mansour, Hanaa M. Ahmed, M.M.F. Darwish*, Matti Lehtonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The current study is to investigate the influence of inserting chemically modified titanium oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles on the dielectric and mechanical properties of the commercial compound Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) used in insulating power cables. The surface modification of TiO2 nanoparticles was performed using vinyl silane coupling agent after activating their surfaces with methane-sulfonic acid. The PVC pellets were first dissolved using suitable solvent. Then, PVC/TiO2 nanocomposites, with different loadings of nanoparticles, were synthesized with the aid of ultra-sonication for better dispersion of nanoparticles. The morphology of the prepared nanocomposites was studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), and their mechanical properties were studied by performing tensile test at speed of 50 mm/min. The results showed that the insertion of functionalized nanoparticles is able to increase the tensile strength and the Young's modulus of the prepared samples, however it decreases their elongation. The dielectric properties, such as dielectric constant and dielectric loss, were also studied in a range of frequencies between 20 Hz and 1 MHz. Moreover, AC breakdown voltage of prepared samples was measured under uniform and semi-uniform field, and then, AC dielectric strength was evaluated using Finite Element Method (FEM) for semi-uniform field. For further evaluation, DC breakdown voltage was also measured under uniform field. PVC/TiO2 nanocomposites with functionalized TiO2 exhibited better dielectric properties compared to that with un-functionalized TiO2 or that of base PVC. This may be attributed to the low surface energy of the functionalized TiO2 nanoparticles that prevented the agglomeration of nanoparticles and restricted the mobility of polymeric chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3490-3499
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Cable insulation
  • dielectric and mechanical properties
  • functionalized nanoparticles
  • polymer nanocomposites
  • PVC

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