Engineering the Dipole Orientation and Symmetry Breaking with Mixed-Dimensional Heterostructures

Md Gius Uddin, Susobhan Das, Abde Mayeen Shafi, Vladislav Khayrudinov, Faisal Ahmed, Henry Fernandez, Luojun Du, Harri Lipsanen, Zhipei Sun*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)


Engineering of the dipole and the symmetry of materials plays an important role in fundamental research and technical applications. Here, a novel morphological manipulation strategy to engineer the dipole orientation and symmetry of 2D layered materials by integrating them with 1D nanowires (NWs) is reported. This 2D InSe –1D AlGaAs NW heterostructure example shows that the in-plane dipole moments in InSe can be engineered in the mixed-dimensional heterostructure to significantly enhance linear and nonlinear optical responses (e.g., photoluminescence, Raman, and second harmonic generation) with an enhancement factor of up to ≈12. Further, the 1D NW can break the threefold rotational symmetry of 2D InSe, leading to a strong optical anisotropy of up to ≈65%. These results of engineering dipole orientation and symmetry breaking with the mixed-dimensional heterostructures open a new path for photonic and optoelectronic applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2200082
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number20
Early online date9 May 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 2D materials
  • dipole engineering
  • mixed-dimensional heterostructures
  • nanowires
  • optical anisotropy
  • symmetry breaking


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