Engineering of Chern insulators and circuits of topological edge states

Emma L. Minarelli, Kim Poÿhönen, Gerwin A.R. Van Dalum, Teemu Ojanen, Lars Fritz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
143 Downloads (Pure)


Impurities embedded in electronic systems induce bound states which under certain circumstances can hybridize and lead to impurity bands. Doping of insulators with impurities has been identified as a promising route toward engineering electronic topological states of matter. In this paper we show how to realize tuneable Chern insulators starting from a three-dimensional topological insulator whose surface is gapped and intentionally doped with magnetic impurities. The main advantage of the protocol is that it is robust and in particular not very sensitive to the impurity configuration. We explicitly demonstrate this for a square lattice of impurities as well as a random lattice. In both cases we show that it is possible to change the Chern number of the system by one through manipulating its topological state. We also discuss how this can be used to engineer circuits of edge channels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number165413
Pages (from-to)1-8
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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