Energy, exergy and economic analysis of combined solar ORC-VCC power plant

Yashar Aryanfar, Mamdouh El Haj Assad, Ali Khosravi, Rahman S.M. Atiqure, Shubham Sharma, Jorge Luis García Alcaraz, Reza Alayi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)


A renewable energy source, especially solar energy, is one of the best alternatives for power generation in rural areas. Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) can be powered by a low-grade energy source, suitable for small-scale power production in rural areas. This study investigates the combined power generation and cooling system using the combination of ORC and vapor compression cycle (VCC), where ORC is powered by a parabolic trough solar collector. Thermodynamic and economic simulation of the system is conducted for four different working fluids, which are R245fa, R114, R600 and R142b. It can be concluded that the thermal efficiency of the power plant increases by using the combined ORC-VCC system. The effect of thermodynamic parameters such as turbine inlet temperature and pressure on the system performance is also discussed, and the optimal design values are provided. The results show that the power plant uses R245fa as the minimum exergy destruction rate. The study indicates that R114 gives minimum cost function (PCEU) for 137°C turbine inlet temperature while the minimum PCEU for R142b is obtained at a turbine inlet pressure of 2500 kPa. Finally, the study indicates that the inlet pressure of the turbine has a significant impact on the system cost and thermal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-205
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies
Publication statusPublished - 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Parabolic trough collector
  • Organic fluids
  • Thermal efficiency


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